焦化設備維護:氣體輸送機械有哪些你知道嘛?各種氣體輸送機械大集合!

     

QITISHUSONGJIXIEDEJIBENJIEGOU、GONGZUOYUANLIYUYETISHUSONGJIXIEDATONGXIAOYI,TAMENDEZUOYONGDOUSHIDUILIUTIZUOGONGYITIGAOQIJIXIENENG(ZHUYAOBIAOXIANWEIJINGYANENG)。

(一)離心式通風機、鼓風和壓縮機

TONGFENGJIDOUSHIDANJI,DUIQITIZHIQISHUSONGZUOYONG,KEYONGBONULIFANGCHENGJINXINGYOUGUANJISUAN;GUFENGJIHEYASUOJIDOUSHIDUOJI,YONGYUCHANSHENGGAOYAQITI,YASUOJIXUYAOCAIQULENGQUECUOSHI。

LIXINSHIQITISHUSONGJIXIEHELIXINBENGDEGONGZUOYUANLIXIANGSI,DANZAIJIEGOUSHANGSUIYASUOBIDEBIANHUAERYOUMOUXIECHAYI。

1.離心通風機

FENGJIDUIDANWEITIJIQITISUOZUODEYOUXIAOGONGCHENGWEIFENGYA,YIHTBIAOSHI,DANWEIWEIJ/m3=Pa。GENJUFENGYADEBUTONG,JIANGLIXINTONGFENGJIFENWEISANLEI:

DIYALIXINTONGFENGJICHUKOUFENGYADIYU0.981×103 Pa(BIAOYA);

ZHONGYALIXINTONGFENGJI CHUKOUFENGYAWEI0.981×103 ~2.94×103 Pa(BIAOYA);

GAOYALIXINTONGFENGJI CHUKOUFENGYAWEI2.94×103 ~14.7×103 Pa(BIAOYA)。

(1)LIXINTONGFENGJIDEJIEGOUHEGONGZUOYUANLI LIXINTONGFENGJIDEJIEGOUHEGONGZUOYUANLIYULIXINBENGDAZHIXIANGTONG。DIYATONGFENGJIDEXIEPIANSHUMUDUO、YUZHOUXINCHENGFUSHEZHUANGPINGZHIANZHUANG。ZHONG、GAOYATONGFENGJIDEXIEPIANZESHIHOUWANDE,SUOYIGAOYATONGFENGJIDEWAIXINGYUJIEGOUYUDANJILIXINBENGGENGXIANGSI。

(2)LIXINTONGFENGJIDEXINGNENGCANSHU:LIXINTONGFENGJIDEZHUYAOXINGNENGCANSHUYOUFENGLIANG、FENGYA、ZHOUGONGLVHEXIAOLV。

① FENGLIANGQ FENGLIANGSHIZHIDANWEISHIJIANNEICONGFENGJICHUKOUPAICHUDEQITITIJI;BINGYIFENGJIJINKOUCHUDEQITIZHUANGTAIJI,DANWEIWEIm3/h。

② FENGYAHT SHIDANWEITIJIQITITONGGUOFENGJISHISUOHUODEDENENGLIANG,DANWEIWEIJ/m3HUOPa,XIGUANSHANGYONGmmH2OBIAOSHI。

FENGJIDEQUANFENGYAYOUJINGFENGYAYUDONGFENGYAGOUCHENG,JI

HT=(p1-p2)+u22/2 (2-33)

TONGFENGJIMINGPAIHUOSHOUCEZHONGSUOLIEDEFENGYASHIZAIKONGQIDEMIDUWEI1.2kg/m3(20℃、101.3 kPa)DETIAOJIANXIAYONGKONGQIZUOJIEZHICEDINGDE。RUOSHIJIDECAOZUOTIAOJIANYUSHANGSHUDESHIYANTIAOJIANBUTONG,YINGJIANGCAOZUOTIAOJIANXIADEFENGYAHUANSUANWEISHIYANTIAOJIANXIADEFENGYAHTLAIXUANZEFENGJI,JI

HT= HT’(1.2/ρ’) (2-34)

SHIZHONG

ρ’――CAOZUOTIAOJIANXIAKONGQIDEMIDU,kg/m3。

③ ZHOUGONGLVYUXIAOLV LIXINTONGFENGJIDEZHOUGONGLVWEI

N=HTQ/1000η (2-35)

SHIZHONG

N――ZHOUGONGLV,kW;

Q――FENGLIANG,m3/s;

HT――QUANFENGYA,Pa;

η――QUANYAXIAOLV。

ZHUYI,YONGSHI2-35JISUANGONGLVSHI,HTHEQBIXUSHITONGYIZHUANGTAIXIADESHUZHI。

(3)LIXINTONGFENGJIDETEXINGQUXIAN

TONGFENGJICHUCHANGQIANZAIWENDUWEI20℃DECHANGYAXIA(101.3kPa)SHIYANCEDINGQITEXINGQUXIAN。LIXINTONGFENGJIDETEXINGQUXIANYULIXINBENGDETEXINGQUXIANXIANGBI,CICHUZENGJIALEYITIAOJINGFENGYASUILIULIANGDEBIANHUAQUXIAN。

(4)LIXINTONGFENGJIDEXUANZE

YULIXINBENGDEXUANZEZUNXUNXIANGSIDEBUZOU:

① GENJUGUANLUBUJUHEGONGYITIAOJIAN,JISUANSHUSONGXITONGSUOXUDESHIJIFENGYAHT’,BINGANSHI2-38HUANSUANWEISHIYANTIAOJIANXIADEFENGYAHT。

② GENJUSUOSHUSONGQITIDEXINGZHIJISUOXUDEFENGYAFANWEI,QUEDINGFENGJIDELEIXING。

③ GENJUSHIJIFENGLIANGHESHIYANTIAOJIANXIADEFENGYA,XUANZESHIYIDEFENGJIXINGHAO。

④ DANGρ’>1.2kg/m3SHI,YAOHESUANZHOUGONGLV。

2.離心鼓風機與壓縮機

LIXINGUFENGJIYUYASUOJIYOUCHENGTOUPINGGUFENGJIHEYASUOJI,QIJIEGOULEISIYUDUOJILIXINBENG,MEIJIXIELUNZHIJIANDOUYOUDAOLUN,GONGZUOYUANLIHELIXINTONGFENGJIXIANGTONG。LIXINYASUOJIDEDUANYUDUANZHIJIANSHEZHILENGQUEQI,YIMIANQITIWENDUGUOGAO。LIXINGUFENGJIYULIXINYASUOJIDEGUIGE、XINGNENGJIYONGTUXIANGJIANYOUGUANCHANPINMULUHUOSHOUCE。

LIXINSHIYASUOJISHENGCHANNENGLIDA,GONGQIJUNYUN,LIANXUYUNXINGANQUANKEKAO,WEIXIUFANGBIAN,YINERGUANGBEICAIYONG。

(二)回轉鼓風機、壓縮機

HUIZHUANGUFENGJI、YASUOJIYUHUIZHUANBENGXIANGSI。CHANGJIANDEHUIZHUANSHIQITIYASUOJIXIEYOULUOCIGUFENGJI、XIESHIGUFENGJI、YEHUANYASUOJI、HUAPIANYASUOJI、GUNDONGHUOSAIYASUOJI、LUOGANYASUOJIDENGDUOZHONGXINGSHI。BENJIEJINDUILUOCIGUFENGJI、YEHUANYASUOJIZUOJIANYAOJIESHAO。

1.羅茨鼓風機

PUTONGXINGLUOCIGUFENGJIDEZHUYAOBUJIANSHIJIKENEIYOULIANGGETESHUXINGZHUANGDEZHUANZI(CHANGWEIYAOXINGHUOSANXINGXING)。

LUOCIGUFENGJIDEGONGZUOYUANLIHECHILUNBENGXIANGSI,LIANGGEZHUANZIDEXUANZHUANFANGXIANGXIANGFAN,QITICONGJIKEYICEXIRU,CONGLINGYICEPAICHU。

LUOCIGUFENGJISHURONGJISHIJIXIE,QIPAIQILIANGYUZHUANSUCHENGZHENGBI。DANGZHUANSUYIDINGSHI,FENGLIANGYUFENGJICHUKOUYALIWUGUAN,BIAOYAWEI40kPaSHANGXIASHIXIAOLVJIAOGAO。

LUOCIGUFENGJIYIBANYONGHUILUDIAOJIELIULIANG,QICHUKOUYINGANZHUANGQITIWENYAGUANBINGPEIZHIANQUANFA。

2.液環壓縮機

YEHUANYASUOJIYOUCHENGNASHIBENG。TAZHUYAOYOULVESITUOYUANDEWAIKEHEXUANZHUANXIELUNZUCHENG,KEZHONGSHENGYOUSHILIANGDEYETI。DANGXIELUNXUANZHUANSHI,YOUYULIXINLIDEZUOYONG,YETIBEIPAOXIANGKETI,XINGCHENGTUOYUANXINGDEYEHUAN,ZAITUOYUANXINGCHANGZHOULIANGDUANXINGCHENGLIANGGEYUEYAXINGKONGXI。DANGXIELUNHUIZHUANYIZHOUSHI,XIEPIANHEYEHUANJIANSUOXINGCHENGDEMIBIKONGJIANZHUJIANBIANDAHEBIANXIAOGELIANGCI,QITICONGLIANGGEXIRUKOUJINRUJINEI,ERCONGLIANGGEPAICHUKOUPAICHU。

YEHUANYASUOJINEIDEYETIJIANGBEIYASUODEQITIYUJIKEGEKAI,QITIJINYUXIELUNJIECHU,ZHIYAOXIELUNYONGNAIFUSHICAILIAOZHIZAO,ZEBIANSHIYIYUSHUSONGFUSHIXINGQITI。KENEIDEYETIYINGYUBEISHUSONGQITIBUQIZUOYONG,LIRUYASONGLVQISHI,KENEIDEYETIKECAIYONGLIUSUAN。

YEHUANYASUOJIDEYASUOBIKEDA6~7,DANCHUKOUBIAOYAZAI150~180kPaDEFANWEINEIXIAOLVZUIGAO。

(三)真空泵

CONGSHEBEIHUOXITONGZHONGCHOUCHUQITISHIQIZHONGDEJUEDUIYALIDIYUDAQIYA,CIZHONGCHOUQIJIXIECHENGWEIZHENKONGBENG。CONGYUANZESHANGJIANG,ZHENKONGBENGJIUSHIZAIFUYAXIAXIQI,YIBANSHIDAQIYAXIAPAIQIDESHUSONGJIXIE。ZAIZHENKONGJISHUZHONG,TONGCHANGBAZHENKONGZHUANGTAIANJUEDUIYALIGAODIHUAFENWEIDIZHENKONG(105~103Pa)、(103~ 10-1Pa)、GAOZHENKONG(10-1~10-6Pa)、CHAOGAOZHENKONG(10-6~10-10Pa)JIJIGAOZHENKONG(<10-10 Pa)WUGEZHENKONGQUYU。WEILECHANSHENGHEWEICHIBUTONGZHENKONGQUYUQIANGDUDEXUYAO,SHEJICHUDUOZHONGLEIXINGDEZHENKONGBENG。

HUAGONGZHONGYONGLAICHANSHENGDI、ZHONGZHENKONGDEZHENKONGBENGYOUWANGFUZHENKONGBENG、XUANZHUANZHENKONGBENG(BAOKUOYEHUANSHI、XUANPIANSHIZHENKONGBENG)HEPENSHEZHENKONGBENGDENG。

1.往復真空泵

WANGFUZHENKONGBENGDEGOUZAOHEGONGZUOYUANLIYUWANGFUSHIYASUOJIJIBENXIANGTONG。DANSHI,YOUYUZHENKONGBENGSUOCHOUXIQITIDEYALIHENXIAO,QIEQIYASUOBIYOUHENGAO(TONGCHANGDAYU20),YINERZHENKONGBENGXIRUHEPAICHUFAMENBIXUGENGJIAQINGQIAOLINGHUO、YUXIRONGJIBIXUGENGXIAO。WEILEJIANXIAOYUXIDEBULIYINGXIANG,ZHENKONGBENGQIGANGSHEYOULIANTONGHUOSAIZUOYOULIANGCEDEPINGHENGQIDAO。RUOQITIJUYOUFUSHIXING,KECAIYONGGEMOZHENKONGBENG。

2.旋轉真空泵

(1)YEHUANZHENKONGBENG YONGYETIGONGZUOJIEZHIDECUCHOUBENGCHENGZUOYEHUANBENG。QIZHONG,TONGSHUIZUOGONGZUOJIEZHIDEJIAOSHUIHUANZHENKONGBENG,QITAHUANKEYONGYOU、LIUSUANJICUSUANDENGZUOGONGZUOJIEZHI。GONGYESHANGSHUIXUNHUANBENGYINGYONGJUDUO。

SHUIHUANZHENKONGBENGDEWAIKENEIPIANXINDIZHUANGYOUXIELUN,XIELUNSHANGYOUFUSHEZHUANGXIEPIAN2,BENGKENEIYUECHONGYOUYIBANRONGJIDESHUI。DANGXIELUNXUANZHUANSHI,XINGCHENGSHUIHUAN3。SHUIHUANYOUYEFENGZUOYONG,SHIXIEPIANJIANKONGXIXINGCHENGDAXIAOBUDENGDEMIFENGXIAOSHI。DANGXIAOSHIDERONGJIZENGDASHI,QITITONGGUOXIRUKOU4BEIXIRU;DANGXIAOSHIBIANXIAOSHI,QITIYOUYACHUKOU5PAICHU。SHUIHUANZHENKONGBENGYUNZHUANSHI,YAOBUDUANBUCHONGSHUIYIWEICHIBENGNEIYEFENG。SHUIHUANZHENKONGBENGSHUSHISHIZHENKONGBENG,XIQIZHONGKEYUNXUJIADAISHAOLIANGYETI。

SHUIHUANZHENKONGBENGKECHANSHENGDEZUIDAZHENKONGDUWEI83kPaZUOYOU。DANGBEICHOUXIDEQITIBUYIYUSHUIJIECHUSHI,BENGNEIKECHONGYIQITAYETI。

(2)XUANPIANZHENKONGBENG

XUANPIANBENGSHIHUODEDIZHONGZHENKONGDEZHUYAOBENGZHONGZHIYI。TAKEFENWEIYOUFENGBENGHEGANSHIBENG。GENJUSUOYAOQIUDEZHENKONGDU,KECAIYONGDANJIBENG(JIXIANYALIWEI4Pa,TONGCHANGWEI50~200Pa)HESHUANGJIBENG(JIXIANYALIWEI(6~1)×10-2Pa),QIZHONGYISHUANGJIBENGYINGYONGGENGWEIPUBIAN。

DANGDAIYOULIANGGEXUANPIAN7DEPIANXINZHUANZIANTUZHONGJIANTOUFANGXIANGXUANZHUANSHI,XUANPIANZAIDANHUANG8DEYALIJIZISHENLIXINLIDEZUOYONGXIA,JINTIEZHUBENGTI9DENEIBIHUADONG,XIQIGONGZUOSHIADERONGJIBUDUANKUODA,BEICHOUQITILIUJINGXIRUKOU3HEXIQIGUAN4JINRUQIZHONG,ZHIDAOXUANPIANZHUANDAOCHUIZHIWEIZHISHIXIQIJIESHU,XIRUDEQITIBEIXUANPIANGELI。ZHUANZIJIXUXUANZHUAN,BEIGELIQITIZHUJIANBEIYASUO、YALISHENGGAO。DANGYALICHAOGUOPAIQIFAPIAN2SHANGDEYALISHI,ZEQITICONGPAIQIKOU1PAICHU。ZHUANZIMEIXUANZHUANYIZHOUYOULIANGCIXIQIHEPAIQIGUOCHENG。

LIANGJIXUANPIANZHENKONGBENGZHONGQITICONGGAOZHENKONGQIANGAJINRUDIZHENKONGQIANGHOUZAIPAICHUBENGWAI。

XUANPIANZHENKONGBENGJUYOUSHIYONGFANGBIAN、JIEGOUJIANDAN、GONGZUOYALIFANWEIKUAN、KEZAIDAQIYAXIAZHIJIEQIDONGDENGYOUDIAN,YINGYONGBIJIAOGUANGFAN。DANXUANPIANZHENKONGBENGBUSHIYUCHOUCHUHANYANGGUOGAO、YOUBAOZHAXING、YOUFUSHIXING、DUIYOUQIHUAXUEFANYINGJIHANKELICHENAIDEQITI。

(3)PENSHEBENG PENSHEBENGSHILIYONGLIUDONGSHIJINGYANENGZHUANHUANWEIDONGNENGERZAOCHENGDEZHENKONGLAICHOUSONGLIUTIDE。TAJIKEYONGLAICHOUSONGQITI,YEKEYONGLAICHOUSONGYETI。ZAIHUAGONGSHENGCHANZHONG,PENSHEBENGCHANGYONGYUCHOUZHENKONG,GUTAYOUCHENGWEIPENSHEZHENKONGBENG。

PENSHEBENGDEGONGZUOLIUTIKEYISHIZHENGQI,YEKEYISHIYETI。TU2-49SUOSHIDESHIDANJIZHENGQIPENSHEBENG。GONGZUOZHENGQIYIHENGAODESUDUCONGPENZUI3PENCHU,ZAIPENSHEGUOCHENGZHONG,ZHENGQIDEJINGYANENGZHUANBIANWEIDONGNENG,CHANSHENGDIYA,ERJIANGQITIXIRU。XIRUDEQITIYUZHENGQIHUNHEHOUJINRUKUOSANGUAN4,SHIBUFENDONGNENGZHUANBIANWEIJINGYANENG,ERHOUCONGYACHUKOU5PAICHU。

DANJIZHENGQIPENSHEBENGKEDADAO99%DEZHENKONGDU,RUOYAOHUODEGENGGAODEZHENKONGDU,KEYICAIYONGDUOJIZHENGQIPENSHEBENG。

TU2-50SUOSHIWEISANJIZHENGQIPENSHEBENG。GONGZUOZHENGQIYUBEICHOUXIQITIXIANJINRUDIYIJIPENSHEBENG,HUNHEQITIJINGLENGNINGQI2SHIZHENGQILENGNING,QITIZEJINRUDIERJIPENSHEBENG3,ERHOUSHUNXUTONGGUOLENGNINGQI4、DISANJIPENSHEBENG5JILENGNINGQI6,ZUIHOUYOUPENSHEBENG7PAICHU。FUZHUPENSHEBENG8YUZHUYAOPENSHEBENGBINGLIAN,YONGYIZENGJIAQIDONGSUDU。DANGXITONGDADAOZHIDINGDEZHENKONGDUSHI,FUZHUPENSHEBENGKETINGZHIGONGZUO。

YOUYUCHOUSONGLIUTIYUGONGZUOLIUTIHUNHE,PENSHEZHENKONGBENGDEYINGYONGFANWEISHOUDAOYIDINGXIANZHI。